운전연수 An electric car is a car that uses an electric motor to drive the wheels. The vehicle also has a battery to store energy.
The 2023 Kia EV6 is a fun-to-drive model that offers 310 miles of range. Its unique styling and bold appearance make it stand out on the road.
With gas prices skyrocketing, you may be wondering if it’s time to switch to an electric car. The cost of driving an EV can be significantly lower than for a conventional vehicle. However, you’ll also have to consider the upfront purchase price of an EV and installation costs for charging infrastructure. The good news is that government incentives can help offset the initial purchase price and reduce overall operating expenses.
In terms of running costs, a 2020 Consumer Reports study found that on average EV owners spend 60% less per year than drivers of similar gas-powered vehicles. This savings is due to the lower fuel and maintenance costs associated with an EV. EVs don’t need complex transmissions or fuel injection systems, and the battery doesn’t need to be replaced as often. Plus, regenerative braking helps extend brake life.
Adding to these savings is the fact that electricity rates vary by region, so it’s important to check the electricity rates and prices where you live before you buy an EV. You’ll want to factor this into your cost savings calculator to determine how much you can save by switching to an EV.
Whether you’re looking to cut down on emissions or just save money on gas, the driving range of an electric car is one of the most important factors to consider. Fortunately, thanks to increased competition and a historic shift in focus from miles per gallon to miles per charge, there are plenty of EVs with long-range capabilities that can meet most people’s daily needs.
However, just like your gasoline vehicle’s EPA-estimated fuel economy numbers, the real-world driving range of an EV can vary significantly depending on how you use and maintain your car. Some factors, like cold weather and blasting the air conditioning, can reduce your EV’s driving range by as much as 35%.
Additionally, over time, your EV’s battery will lose its ability to hold a charge as well. To counteract this, most EVs feature DTE (Drive to Empty) estimates that will help you know how far you can drive once the battery is close to empty.
If you have a home charger, plugging in each evening and starting each day with a full battery can greatly improve your EV’s range. Adding destination charging stations at work or other places you frequently visit can further help you make the most of your EV’s range. Additionally, many premium EVs can tell you exactly how far you’re from running out of charge and will switch to “Turtle Mode” before completely shutting off.
The process of charging an electric vehicle is very different from filling a gas-powered car. While putting liquid gas into your tank is a linear activity (you fill up your tank at a rate that stays the same throughout the charge), EV charging is not. This is because EVs have non-linear energy flows from chargers to their batteries.
This means that the rate at which you can charge your EV will vary depending on your battery size and its current state of charge, the power supply tariff you pay at home, and the battery charging station type and location. EV charging stations are usually installed in places where parking is available, such as parking garages and shopping malls. They can have one or more EVSE ports and a single plug that can connect to a variety of cars.
The speed at which you can charge your EV will also depend on the public EV charging stations you use. Some of them have high-powered DC fast chargers, which can recharge your car to 80 percent in just 30 minutes. However, these fast chargers are only compatible with specific EVs, and you’ll need to know what connector your car uses before visiting any of them. The two most common types of plugs are CHAdeMO and SAE Combo Type 2 CCS, so make sure your car has these before traveling to a public charging station.
Many people are concerned that electric cars will have a much higher maintenance cost than traditional petrol or diesel vehicles. This is partially due to the belief that EV batteries will degrade faster than their gasoline counterparts. However, the reality is that electric cars have fewer moving parts, so they require less regular servicing. This can save owners a lot of money in the long run.
EVs are also more efficient, meaning that they need fewer mechanical components. For example, regenerative braking systems recover energy and use it to recharge the battery, so they reduce the amount of wear on the brakes. This will lower maintenance costs and increase the car’s overall lifespan.
The biggest maintenance cost associated with an EV is the battery, which can be expensive to replace. However, most manufacturers offer a warranty on their battery packs, and some even offer an extended warranty. This can cover the cost of replacing the battery pack if it becomes defective.
Other maintenance costs of an EV include the tyres, which need to be inspected and replaced regularly. Tyres should be inflated to the manufacturer’s recommended pressure, as under-inflated tyres can negatively impact a vehicle’s range and over-inflated tyres can shorten their life span. Most leasing companies, including ours DriveElectric, offer a comprehensive service and maintenance package for their EVs which includes servicing and replacement tyres.